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John Coffee Hays, 1817-1883

John Coffee Hays, 1817-1883

“Jack” Hays was born in Virginia in 1817. He lived in Texas for 13 years and became Texas Ranger extraordinary. Hays mixed a military career with surveying and grew very adept at protecting surveying parties against Indian attacks. Hays is credited with effective use of revolvers and revolutionizing warfare against Texas Indians. Hays also played an important role in Meusebach’s efforts to open the Fisher-Miller Grant to new settlers through his presence at the signing of the Meusebach-Comanche Treaty.

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