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John O. Meusebach, 1812-1897

John O. Meusebach, 1812-1897

Baron Otfried Hans von Meusebach upon immigrating to the United States took the simpler name, John O. Meusebach. An accomplished botanist, he explored areas in Central Texas with Ferdinand Lindheimer. Meusebach was also greatly interested in the geology and mineralogy of Texas. Meusebach succeeded Prince Carl as Commissioner-General of the Adelsverein. One of his greatest accomplishments was the 1847 Treaty with Comanche Indians permitting safe passage of German settlers to lands beyond Fredericksburg. Ferdinand Lindheimer was part of these negotiations. The lands passed through Indian territories. Meusebach was highly regarded by the Indians who called him El Sol. His red hair reminded them of the sun.

More Information

  • King, Irene M.: John O. Meusebach, UT Press, 1967

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